The Artist Birthday Series

Salvador Dalí

In 1982, King Juan Carlos bestowed on Dalí the title of “Marqués de Dalí de Púbol” (Marquis of Dalí de Púbol) in the nobility of Spain, hereby referring to Púbol, the place where he lived. The title was in first instance hereditary, but on request of Dalí changed to life only in 1983.

Gala died on 10 June 1982, at the age of 87. After Gala’s death, Dalí lost much of his will to live. He deliberately dehydrated himself, possibly as a suicide attempt, with claims stating he had tried to put himself into a state of suspended animation as he had read that some microorganisms could do. He moved from Figueres to the castle in Púbol, which was the site of her death and her grave.

In May 1983, Dalí revealed what would be his last painting, “The Swallow’s Tail,” a work heavily influenced by the mathematical catastrophe theory of René Thom.

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