In 1875, the Camerons moved back to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). Cameron continued to practice photography, but she complained in letters about the difficulties of getting chemicals and pure water to develop and print photographs. Also, in Ceylon, she did not have access to the Little Holland House salon’s artistic community for subjects. She also did not have a market to distribute her photographs as she had in England. Because of this, Cameron took fewer images in Ceylon.
Those she did were of posed Ceylonese people, paralleling the posed pictures that Cameron had taken of neighbors in England. Almost none of Cameron’s work from Ceylon survives.