The Artist Birthday Series

Gustave Moreau

Today’s Artist Birthday: Gustave Moreau

Gustave Moreau (6 April 1826 – 18 April 1898) was a French Symbolist painter whose main emphasis was the illustration of biblical and mythological figures. As a painter, Moreau appealed to the imaginations of some Symbolist writers and artists, indirectly bringing the Surrealist movement into existence.

Gustave Moreau, painter and teacher who enlightened the minds of the Fauvists and inspiring the Surrealists
Gustave Moreau, painter and teacher who enlightened the minds of the Fauvists and inspiring the Surrealists

Moreau was born in Paris. His father, Louis Jean Marie Moreau, was an architect, who recognized his talent. His mother was Adele Pauline des Moutiers. Moreau initially studied under the guidance of François-Édouard Picot and became a friend of Théodore Chassériau, whose work strongly influenced his own. Moreau had a 25-year personal relationship, possibly romantic, with Adelaide-Alexandrine Dureux, a woman whom he drew several times.

"Venus Terbit Dari Laut," 1866 by Gustave Moreau - model most probably Adelaide Alexandrine Durex, Moreau's longtime muse and possible lover.
“Venus Terbit Dari Laut,” 1866 by Gustave Moreau – model most probably Adelaide-Alexandrine Dureux, Moreau’s longtime muse and possible lover.

His first painting was a Pietà which is now located in the cathedral at Angoulême.

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