The Artist Birthday Series

Franz Kline

Today’s Artist Birthday: Franz Kline

Franz Kline (23 May, 1910 – 13 May, 1962) was born and raised in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, a small coal-mining community that offered few opportunities for artistic development. His childhood was marred by a complicated relationship with his parents. His father, a saloon keeper, committed suicide in 1917, when Kline was only seven years old. His mother later remarried and sent her son to an institution for fatherless boys, which the artist referred to as “the orphanage.”

kline in studio

Determined to make his own way, Kline worked as a cartoonist for his high school newspaper and managed to escape his small town to attend Boston University’s School of Art, between 1931 and 1935. Boston offered him a wealth of opportunities: not only did his instructors help familiarize him with modern art, but he also learned much from the city’s private and public collections. After leaving, he studied briefly at the Art Students League in New York. He then went to England where he enrolled in the Heatherly’s School of Art in London. It was there that he met his future wife, Elizabeth V. Parsons, a former ballet dancer who was working as an artist’s model at the school. She returned with Kline to New York in 1938 but would later suffer a mental breakdown and spend time in mental institutions. Many of his paintings were named after his troubled wife, and his abstraction, intentional or not, seemed to have mirrored her loss of reality.

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