Cuno Amiet

Today’s Artist Birthday: Cuno Amiet (28 March 1868 – 6 July 1961), painter and sculptor

Self Portrait With Apple, 1903 - by Cuno Amiet
Self Portrait With Apple, 1903 – by Cuno Amiet

Cuno Amiet was a Swiss painter, illustrator, graphic artist and sculptor. As the first Swiss painter to give precedence to color in composition, he was a pioneer of modern art in Switzerland.

Amiet was born in Solothurn, and was the son of the chancellor of the canton of Solothurn, Josef Ignaz Amiet (1827–1895). He attended the Kantonsschule Solothurn, where he graduated with the Matura in 1883. After studies with the painter Frank Buchser, he attended the Academy of Fine Arts Munich in 1886–88, where he befriended Giovanni Giacometti. In 1888-92, Giacometti and Amiet continued their studies in Paris, where Amiet studied at the Académie Julian under Adolphe-William Bouguereau, Tony Robert-Fleury and Gabriel Ferrier.

amiet bas meudon 1890
Bas Meudon, 1890 by Cuno Amiet

Dissatisfied with academic art, Amiet joined the Pont-Aven School in 1892, where he learned from Émile Bernard, Paul Sérusier, Roderic O’Conor and Armand Séguin. In Pont-Aven, he came to prefer the use of pure color to tonal painting. In 1893, Amiet’s lack of funds forced him to return to Switzerland, where he set up a studio in Hellsau. A first exposition at the Kunsthalle Basel in 1894 was generally ill-received. In the 1890s, Amiet continued to collaborate with Giacometti and had only modest commercial success, until he was commissioned in 1898 to paint a portrait of Ferdinand Hodler, whose work would later exert a great influence on Amiet. His fortunes improved greatly in the 1900s, when he began participating in numerous European expositions and competitions, winning a silver medal in the Exposition Universelle for his work Richesse du soir (1899).

Richesse Du Soir (Evening Wealth), 1899, by Cuno Amiet
Richesse Du Soir (Evening Wealth), 1899, by Cuno Amiet

After his 1898 marriage to Anna Luder von Hellsau (d. 1951), Amiet moved to Oschwand, where his house became a meeting place for artists and writers. It was there too that he began to teach, and was an influential teacher, helping bring modernism to Switzerland, for many years.

The Green Hat (Portrait of Amiet's soon-to-be-wife, Anna), 1897, by Cuno Amiet
The Green Hat (Portrait of Amiet’s future wife, Anna), 1887, by Cuno Amiet
Junge Frau Im Garten (Amy Moser), 1910 by Cuno Amiet
Junge Frau Im Garten (Amy Moser), 1910 by Cuno Amiet

In the late 1920s and in the 1930s, Amiet executed numerous wall paintings. A 1931 fire in the Münchner Glaspalast destroyed 50 of his most significant works. Amiet was a member in the Swiss Federal Art Commission (1911–15 and 1931–32), a board member of the Gottfried Keller Foundation (1934–48) and of the Kunstmuseum Bern (1935–48). He was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of Berne in 1919.

the-violet-hat-1907
The Violet Hat, 1907, by Cuno Amiet
Oschwand 1924 Amiet
Oschwand, 1924, by Cuno Amiet

He died in 1961 in Oschwand.

Amiet created more than 4,000 paintings, of which more than 1,000 are self-portraits. The great scope of his work of 70 years, and Amiet’s predilection for experimentation, make his œuvre appear disparate at first – a constant, though, is the primacy of color. His numerous landscape paintings depict many winter scenes, gardens and fruit harvests. Ferdinand Hodler remained a constant point of reference, although Amiet’s artistic intentions diverged ever further from those of Hodler, whom Amiet could and would not match in his mastery of monumental scale and form.

Self Portrait, 1959, by Cuno Amiet
Self Portrait, 1959, by Cuno Amiet

While Amiet took up themes of expressionism, his works retain a sense of harmony of colour grounded in the French tradition. He continued to pursue mainly decorative intentions at the beginning of the 20th century, but his late work of the 1940s and 50s is focused on more abstract concepts of space and light, characterised by dots of color and a pastel brilliance.

Blumenstrauss, 1955, Cuno Amiet
Blumenstrauss, 1955, Cuno Amiet

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