The Artist Birthday Series

Alexander Milne Calder

Alexander Milne Calder: sculptor

Alexander Milne Calder (1846–1923) was a Scottish American sculptor best known for the architectural sculpture of Philadelphia City Hall. Both his son and grandson would become renown sculptors as well.

a.m. calder copy
Alexander Milne Calder was born in Aberdeen, Scotland, the son of a tombstone carver. He began his career in Scotland, working for sculptor John Rhind, the father of sculptor J. Massey Rhind while attending the Royal Academy in Edinburgh. He moved to London and worked on the Albert Memorial in Kensington Gardens.

The Albert Memorial in Kensington Gardens, London, England
The Albert Memorial in Kensington Gardens, London, England

He emigrated to the United States in 1868 and settled in Philadelphia, where he studied with Joseph A. Bailly, and took classes (as would his son Alexander Stirling Calder) with Thomas Eakins at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts.

The Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia, PA - as seen in 1876
The Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia, PA – as seen in 1876

In 1873, he was hired by architect John McArthur, Jr. to produce models for the architectural sculpture of Philadelphia City Hall. The commission involved more than 260 pieces in marble and bronze, and took Calder 20 years to complete.

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Also that same year, he was commissioned by the Association for Public Art (then the Fairmount Park Art Association) to create an equestrian statue of Major General George Gordon Meade for Fairmount Park.

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Like many sculptors, Calder took commissions for various works. One of his most famous is The Warner Monument, centerpiece of the Warner family plot in Philadelphia’s beautiful Laurel Hill Cemetery. Completed in 1889 , it is one of the most curious pieces of funerary sculpture in the United States. He carved a depiction of a slightly larger than life size female lifting the lid from the coffin of the wealthy coal magnate William Warner (1780-1855), so his soul could be released to the heavens. It is accepted that the face of the soul is that of Warner, which Calder had sculpted from a photograph. [TML note: I had the chance to visit this monument in 2014, and I’ve included some images from that excursion below. It is truly something to behold in person.]

Calder2 Calder1 Calder3 lh calder 3 lh calder2

Progenitor of a family of artists, his son Alexander Stirling Calder, and his grandson Alexander “Sandy” Calder, both became significant sculptors of the 20th century.

Alexander Stirling Calder
Alexander Stirling Calder

 

Alexander "Sandy" Calder
Alexander “Sandy” Calder

Alexander Milne Calder died on June 4, 1923 and is buried in West Laurel Hill Cemetery, in Bala Cynwyd, Pennsylvania.

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Edited from:

Warner Monument

 


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Special thanks to: Daily Artfixx, On This Day, Wikipedia,
Find-A-Grave, A&E Bio, The Smithsonian American Art Museum Renwick Gallery, Famous Birthdays, Encyclopedia Brittanica, and all the art history buffs that keep the internet full of
wonderful information and images. 


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